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Ťǡ ᢹ˹觢ͧԵʵ Ҵ¡¹ŧͧͧǡԵ٧ҡѺͧԵ һСͺ෤Ԥ㹡ѭ ٵäӹdzǢͧҧ ջªҹҡ㹷ҧǡ ԡ

ʹǡ ¶֧ кؤǡѺء ش㹻ԷԨó ǡѺ ʹ 繡кؤѺء ش㹻 سԢͧ ʹ 繡кؤس 繻ҳѺе˹ ǹŢͧйʹǡ ͧҡŢͧӷШش鹨ж١кش ǡ

ǴԹ÷ӤѭŤǡ:

  • ¹ (gradient) ѭѡɳ \,\operatorname{grad}~\varphi\, \,\nabla\varphi\,: 繵ǴԹѴѵ ȷҧ ¹ŧͧʹ ѧ¹ͧʹ ʹǡ
  • (divergence) ѭѡɳ \,\operatorname{div}~\vec F\, \,\nabla \cdot \vec F\,: 繵ǴԹѴ ͡(繨شԴʹ)ͧ ʹǡ ش
  • (curl) ѭѡɳ \,\operatorname{curl}~\vec F\, \,\nabla\times\vec F\,: 繵ǴԹѴдѺعǹ ش Ţͧʹǡ աʹǡ˹

ǴԹա˹觤 ǴԹһҫ ҡûء ਹ ¹ ѹ

ɮշӤѭǢͧѺǴԹôѧ

ҹöӤҡ ¡Ըա÷ҧâҤԵԧ͹ؾѹ (Ťǡ Ң˹觢ͧ âҤԵԧ͹ؾѹ)

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